There are any number of core investment philosophies, each with it own merits and uses. How do you decide which strategy or philosophy works best for you?
At Wela, we believe both growth and income investing have important roles to play in a successful retirement portfolio. During the front part of your wealth-building years, we recommend a growth strategy in which you invest heavily in stocks that will gain in value over the years (and decades), allowing you to reap significant profits when you cash out.
But as you near retirement we believe in transitioning to an income-driven portfolio consisting largely of assets that generate a steady cash flow that can provide you with a “paycheck” in retirement. That income comes from stock dividends, bond interest and income from alternative investments, such as preferred stocks, real estate investment trusts (REITS) and royalties from energy trusts.
One thing I love about income investing is that a well-crafted income portfolio can meet your retirement spending needs for years while limiting the drain on your capital.
Working Years: To understand the benefit of income investing, it might help to think of your retirement portfolio as a house. During your working years, you build your portfolio brick-by-brick -- dollar-by-dollar, asset-by-asset. It begins as a starter home -- functional but not fancy. Over time, you add rooms and amenities; a second floor, basement media room and a deck. With luck, the house appreciates over the decades until it’s worth, say, a million dollars.
Retirement: Now it’s time to retire. How do you get your money out of the house? Well, if it’s a growth “house,” you sell it off piece-by-piece and use the proceeds to fund your retirement. When the last piece is sold, the money is gone.
But if it’s an income house, it generates “rent” in the form of that asset income from stocks, bonds and other investments. That income, previously reinvested while you were “building the house” can now be used to cover your expenses. You may well have to sell some parts of the house over the years, but at a slower rate than the owner of a growth “house.”
How much slower? Well, imagine you have a portfolio at retirement worth $500,000 that can generate $20,000 in annual income. Assuming you can live on that money (plus Social Security, pensions, et cetera) after 10 years you would have derived $200,000 from your portfolio but it would still be worth about $500,000, depending on how the market moves.
In order to derive the benefits of both growth and income investing, we recommend the “bucket” approach to creating an effective retirement investment portfolio. As the name suggests, your investments will fall into one of three categories or “buckets.”
Bonds – Contributions to this bucket are invested in a diversified range of bonds – Treasury municipal and corporate – that will provide a steady stream of interest income while protecting your principal. To maximize your return over time you will need to diversify these holdings.
Your portfolio should hold a greater percentage of bonds (as opposed to stocks), as you get closer to retirement. We recommend “owning your age” in bonds. When you are in your 30’s, bonds should make up 30% of your portfolio. When you are 50, that percentage should be 50%.
Stocks – This is where growth comes into play. During your working career this bucket will contain mostly shares in companies that have large growth rates, but don’t pay much of a dividend. Think Netflix or Amazon. Ideally, these stocks will significantly appreciate in value over the years. When you retire, you will shift your holdings into income stocks – shares that show some growth but pay a nice dividend. Apple and Disney are good examples. There are several excellent growth ETFs that allow you to tap into the appreciation of a whole basket of companies.
Alternative Income – This smallest bucket holds income-generating assets that are neither stocks nor bonds. This includes real estate investment trusts, preferred stocks and shares in pipeline and energy storage companies. All of these assets are traded on open markets like stocks and bonds.
While income investing isn’t the only way to saving for the future, in our experience it’s a way to have your “house” provide safety and warmth during your retirement years.
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Disclosure: This information is provided to you as a resource for informational purposes only. It is being presented without consideration of the investment objectives, risk tolerance or financial circumstances of any specific investor and might not be suitable for all investors. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Investing involves risk including the possible loss of principal. This information is not intended to, and should not, form a primary basis for any investment decision that you may make. Always consult your own legal, tax or investment advisor before making any investment/tax/estate/financial planning considerations or decisions.